Updated: Feb 4, 2019
Ginger Listening (Zingiber officinalis) is a plant species native to India, of the genus Zingiber and the family of Zingiberaceae which is used rhizome in cooking and traditional medicine.
It was called zenj by the Arab merchants, a word by which they also designated the inhabitants of the east coast of Africa and where comes the name of "Zanzibar", where the Arabs went to fetch the ginger.
As one of the first spices exported from the Orient, ginger arrived in Europe during the spice trade, and was used by ancient Greeks and Romans.
The young ginger roots (which are actually rhizomes, underground stems) are juicy and fleshy with a very mild taste. Ripe rhizomes are fibrous, almost dry and have a more pronounced taste. Older, they take a very strong taste. In the middle Ages, in most of Europe hypocras was consumed, a drink made from wine and various spices including ginger.
Some attribute to its rhizome rich in magnesium aphrodisiac properties. Dioscorides, Pliny the Elder and Avicenna already speak of this property.
Ginger produces a hot, fragrant taste.